What are some interesting facts about books or reading in general? By Devashish Patil

Some of the interesting facts about books and reading are:

  • There are nearly 130 million(129,864,880 to be exact) books in the entire world.
  • It would take 60,000 years to read all the books in the world.
  • The three most read books areThe Holy Bible, Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung, and Harry Potter.
  • President Theodore Roosevelt read one book per day.
  • The longest sentence ever printed consists of 823 words.
  • The first book described as a “best-seller” was Fools Of Nature by US writer Alice Brown in 1889.
  • One in five adults around the world cannot read or write, with the highest rates in South and West Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
  • People in India are the world’s biggest readers, spending an average 10.7 hours a week.
  • The M6 toll road was built on two-and-a-half million copies of pulped Mills & Boon novels.
  • It takes an average of 475 hours to write a novel.
  • Women buy 68% of all books sold.
  • The page most readers lose interest at is Page 18.
  • The term “bookworm” comes from insects who feed on binding of books.

Source:

Hellogiggles.com[1]

Daily express[2]

Footnotes

[1] https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=…

[2] https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=…

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Ulysses as Read by Helen Mirren

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Christopher Columbus–Good Guy Or Bad Guy? By Gary Randall

Today is Columbus Day.

It’s a different kind of national holiday—it doesn’t commemorate a president or a great American statesman.

Columbus found North America while looking for something else.

For the first century or two of our country, Columbus was viewed as important—a great explorer, brave and fearless. In fact he was considered a saint by some.

That was before progressives decided he wasn’t any of those things. Now a generation of kids have been taught subtly and implicitly he was an abusive exploiter of peaceful indigenous people living in the Western Hemisphere.

He deserves, the kids are told, only disdain.

Seattle has gained national attention this past week in declaring the city will celebrate “Indigenous People’s Day” rather than the national Columbus Day.

Associated Press reports that other Washington cities are following Seattle’s lead. Seattle schools are also following the city council’s decision.

Seattle Mayor Ed Murray plans to sign the proclamation today.

When President Obama has spoken of Columbus, he has subtly changed the focus of the holiday, as he did year before last.

Rather than merely celebrating a daring explorer, he highlighted the “plight” of the “indigenous people” resulting from Columbus’ landing.

However another President saw a very different Columbus. President Reagan saw “a dreamer, a man of vision and courage.”

Who is Columbus? Is he a good guy or a bad guy?


President Obama has made proclamation that all Americans should “reflect on the tragic burdens tribal communities bore in the years that followed [Columbus’ landing].”

President Ronald Reagan chose to reflect on a different aspect of Christopher Columbus.

He reflected, in his 1988 Columbus Day proclamation that Columbus was a man of great spirit: “He was a dreamer, a man of vision and courage, a man filled with hope for the future and with determination to cast off for the unknown and sail into uncharted seas for the joy of finding whatever was there.”

Reagan said, “Put it all together and you might say that Columbus was the inventor of the American dream.”

The Heritage Foundation has pointed out that President Obama “misses the significance of why America celebrates Columbus Day,” referring people to a thorough overview of the history and tradition of Columbus Day found in the curriculum, “What So Proudly We Hailed.”

In the curriculum, the authors explain that Columbus was indeed an important figure in American history.

They say, “The association between Columbus and America continued to prosper as the revolutionary colonists sought to distance themselves from England”, observing that “In Columbus they found a hero who had challenged the unknown sea, leaving the old world for a new beginning on a virgin continent—much as they were attempting to do.”

By the late 18th century, Americans saw Columbus as a “mythic founding figure.”

In the 19th century he was seen “as an archetype of the American ideal; bold, adventurous, innovative.”

Italians and Catholics called Columbus a symbol of civil rights and equality, while other admirers invoked him as a symbol of patriotism, progress and westward expansion.

In more recent years Columbus has fallen out of favor with progressives and they have made efforts to redefine him or ignore him—but mostly, vilify him.

Anthony W. Hager is a recognized expert on the subject on Columbus.

Writing for the American Thinker, a source I rarely quote, says:

On Columbus Day it is appropriate to discuss Christopher Columbus’s legacy. Critics seem emboldened on the day we recognize the famous mariner’s arrival in the New World. Was Columbus the barbaric sadist his detractors claim? Or was he a great explorer and discoverer?

Columbus lived an impoverished, unspectacular childhood. He spent his youth studying geography and developing his love for sailing. In manhood Columbus was relentless in peddling his belief in a spherical earth and westward sailing route to reach India. His audiences with the Spanish royalty are legendary.

However, the concept of a round world didn’t originate with Columbus. Neither was a westward trade route to India his idea. His desires to prove these theories weren’t rooted in scientific advancement. Columbus sought personal fame and fortune, expressing an entrepreneurial, capitalist attitude, which could partially explain why the modern Left hates him so.

Ultimately, Christopher Columbus never amassed the fortune he sought and died in poverty just 15 years after a discovery he never realized. He secured fame, but not in his time. Columbus never sailed west to India. Actually, he believed the New World was India. According to modern standards he would be an ignorant failure. But Columbus didn’t live by modern standards.

Columbus was an excellent navigator, a courageous explorer and an able captain. He discovered a land unknown in his world and returned home across a trackless ocean. He commanded sailors who believed the Atlantic Ocean was full of sea serpents intent on devouring the wayward seaman. They thought the Atlantic an infinite sea that boiled at the equator. Christopher Columbus’ accomplishments were remarkable considering the obstacles he faced.

Then there is the other Columbus, the murderous slave trader who destroyed the “utopian paradise” that existed in the “New World.”

Hager writes:

Columbus, his antagonists allege, sparked a genocidal avalanche of misery and mayhem that decimated the Arawak Indians. In fact, the entire European exploration and settlement era exploded into an imperialistic inferno with Christopher Columbus holding the match. Yet the idea that the Western Hemisphere was the Garden of Eden prior to 1492 is fairly naïve. Some European explorers were brutal, and the Taino Arawak tribe suffered at Spanish hands. But to lay all violence at the feet of Columbus ignores the New World brutality that existed before his arrival.

The Taino were rather passive. But the Caribs were a fierce people who abused the Tainos and took their lands before Columbus arrived. The Caribs made wives of captured Taino women (slavery, anyone?), fashioned necklaces from their vanquished enemy’s teeth and may have practiced cannibalism.

The Caribs may have decimated the Ciboneys who once inhabited the Caribbean. The Ciboneys descended from a prior culture that was all but exterminated by yet another people. And if the Caribs themselves weren’t cannibals, the Tupinamba Indians were. Finally, these tribes were indigenous Caribbean Indians; they migrated from the mainland. Thus the peaceful natives Columbus assaulted were neither peaceful nor native, but warrior explorers and conquerors.

“Christopher Columbus is neither as pure nor as despicable as he is portrayed,” Hager says.

Rather than using this day to dwell on past wrongs, highlight divisions within our country or apologize for the American story of greatness, perhaps we could celebrate one of the many values that made America great.

Risk and reward.

Reagan said Columbus was “not only an intrepid searcher,” but represented the “dreams and opportunities that brought so many here after him.”

Be Informed. Be Vigilant. Be Discerning. Be Prayerful. Be Blessed.

 

http://blog.faithandfreedom.us/2014/10/christopher-columbus-good-guy-or-bad-guy.html#.W7ve_vZReM8

 

Originally Published: 2014

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Little Big League Umpire

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How Much Editing Does a Book Really Need? By Jody Hedlund

I just finished major edits on a book that’s releasing next summer (2019). It was a tough edit and took me a couple of weeks of full time work. Needless to say, when I got to the end, I was drained.

However, even though I’m done, I’m still in the early stages of editing and will have a lot more to do before the book hits shelves.

Here’s a brief overview of the editing process that most of my books go through:

Edit #1 (Self-Edit): After writing the first draft, I self-edit the book before turning it in to my publisher. Depending upon how much time I have (before it’s due to my publisher), I like to let the book sit (simmer) for a few weeks to a couple of months before I self-edit so that I can gain some perspective before diving back in.

Edit #2 (Substantive Edit): Once I’m done self-editing, I turn in the book to my publisher. They have a committee of editors read the book. Based on their collaborative feedback, they send me pages of rewrite notes consisting of both major and minor points within the book that need strengthening. I labor for hours and hours to reshape (and delete) portions of the book. (This is the edit I just recently completed.)

Edit #3 (Line Edit): I give the book back to my editor who reads the book again. This time he’ll check the book for clarity, sentence structure, repetitions, historical accuracy, word choices, etc. Once he’s done making his changes, he’ll send the book back to me. I’ll read the book again. Not only will I address the issues that my line editor has spotted, but I’ll read the book aloud, editing as I go and paying close attention to the flow of the book, word choices, repetitions, and anything else that sounds “off.”

Edit #4 (Copy Edit): After I turn the manuscript in to my publisher again, my editor will pass the book along to several copy-editors who will then scour the book to check for minute details (commas, periods, spelling, etc.).

Edit #5 (Proof): I’ll get my galleys (a printed version of the book showing how it will look on the page). That will be the final time I can make any minor changes. Once I turn it back in, then it’s mostly ready for publication.

What does all that editing really mean? I’ll attempt to answer a few questions.

1. Wow, you might be saying. That’s a LOT of editing. Does every book need so much?

Yes, every book needs a LOT of editing whether it’s independently or traditionally published. No matter how talented the author, multiple layers of editing are essential (including feedback from an objective and skilled editor).

Since I’ve done both types of publication (indie and traditional), I can say my process is very lengthy and rigorous for both methods with only a few minor differences. I push myself hard, and I rely on many others for feedback and help polishing my books.

After working with several traditional publishers, I’ve learned that not all publishers offer the same depth of editing. Of course not all editors are equal either. But I attempt to glean as much as I can from each editor I work with.

2. If a book needs extensive editing, why do publishers agree to publish it? Especially with so many other books out there that might not need as much work?

First, publishers can spot when an author’s writing skills and story-telling ability are of publishable quality. And they can also spot novels that fit the needs of their target readers, even if there are some parts of a book that may need adjusting to give it broader appeal.

Second, no writer anywhere is perfect. Published or not, we can’t produce a perfect first draft. We’ll never be too good for objective feedback. We’ll always be too enmeshed in our stories to see the bigger picture. Thus, even well-told stories and talented authors undergo editing, sometimes even extended editing.

3. Is it hard to let go of your story and bend it to the will of others?

Yes and no. Yes, it’s never easy to plan a character arc or plot line and then have someone tell you “your readers won’t like this,” and then have to go back through the entire book and weave in something else. It’s downright hard and painful.

But, after writing so many books, growing in self-awareness of my style, and learning what my readers like, I’ve become much better at deciphering feedback—utilizing what I need to make the story better but then letting go of things that don’t mesh with my voice.

In fact, I’ve reached a point in my appreciation of editing where I’m not afraid to go back to my editor and say, “This isn’t enough feedback. Please give me more.”

What do you think of the editing process? Did you realize the collaborative effort that goes into one book?

 

Jody Hedlund

Author
Award-winning author Jody Hedlund makes her home in central Michigan with her husband and five children. When she’s not busy with her family, she loves to read and consume large amounts of chocolate and coffee.
nspiredbylifeandfiction.com/how-much-editing-does-a-book-really-need/
Posted: September 18, 2018
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The Duties Required by the Ninth Commandment in a Social Media World

You must be familiar with the ninth commandment: “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.” On a surface level it’s simple enough: Don’t tell lies about other people. But Christians have traditionally understood it to entail far more than this. With the rise of modern communications technologies, and especially social media, I am convinced we need to diligently apply ourselves to a fresh consideration of all this commandment requires of us.

I plan to do this in two parts and admit from the outset this was first an exercise I undertook for my own purposes. I had become convinced I was violating the spirit, even if not the letter, of this commandment, especially through social media. I wasn’t telling lies about other people, but I was reading lies. I wasn’t bearing false witness against brothers or sisters in Christ, but I also wasn’t deliberately protecting their names and reputations. I wasn’t deliberately writing rumors and half-truths, but I was seeking them out online. As a Christian in the Reformed tradition it is my instinct to take my questions and concerns to creeds, confessions, and catechisms, and in this case found assistance and guidance in the Westminster Larger Catechism.

Today I’ll begin a two-part examination of the ninth commandment in a social media world, looking first at the duties it requires and then at the sins it forbids. In each case I will share in bullet points each phrase of the Catechism. Beneath each phrase I will suggest questions that may foster application relevant to a world dominated by social media.

So here’s the challenge: Think of the people you follow on Twitter, the blogs you read, the news sites you browse, the videos you watch on YouTube, the friends you engage with on Facebook. Think of the topics you discuss with your family in the home and friends in the church. Think not only of what you say, but also what you read or listen to; the ninth commandment is not just meant to govern your mouth, but also your eyes, your ears, your heart, and your mind. And then consider the wisdom of the ages:

The Duties Required in the Ninth Commandment

The duties required in the ninth commandment are:

  • the preserving and promoting of truth between man and man, and the good name of our neighbour, as well as our own;
    • In what you say and what you read online, are you committed to promoting truth and to preserving and enhancing the reputation of others? Or are you willing to read rumors and innuendo, or to spend time reading, writing, or sharing things that tarnish reputations, especially of other believers?
  • appearing and standing for the truth;
    • Are you determined to stand for truth and to stand against error, not only in what you say but also in what you read? Or do you have a reputation for spreading rumors and lies? Do you find yourself drawn to reading material that is speculative or tainted with lies and half-truths?
  • and from the heart, sincerely, freely, clearly, and fully, speaking the truth, and only the truth, in matters of judgment and justice, and in all other things whatsoever;
    • Are you committed to reading, believing, and telling only what is verifiably true? Do you avoid sites, feeds, and accounts that share speculative rumors or outright lies?
  • a charitable esteem of our neighbours;
    • Do you demonstrate love and respect even for people with whom you disagree? Do the sites you read demonstrate that same kind of love and respect?
  • loving, desiring, and rejoicing in their good name;
    • Are you hopeful that other people will maintain a good reputation and do you rejoice in all that enhances their reputation as faithful Christians? Are you as quick to read, believe, and share information that will enhance their reputation as to tarnish it?
  • sorrowing for, and covering of their infirmities;
    • Do you feel grief (rather than mere outrage) over the sins and weaknesses of others and a willingness to overlook their offenses (when those offenses are not so egregious that they threaten to undermine the gospel of Christ)? Do you visit sites and read material committed primarily to exposing the transgressions of other people, and especially fellow believers
  • freely acknowledging of their gifts and graces, defending their innocency;
    • Do you rejoice in all evidences of God’s grace even as displayed in people with whom you have disagreements? Do the sites you read and the feeds you follow likewise show a desire to hear and spread good news about others and to rejoice in all that is good and delightful? Do you defend people who are unjustly treated?
  • a ready receiving of a good report, and unwillingness to admit of an evil report, concerning them;
    • Do you love to receive a good report about another believer, even one with whom you have substantial disagreements? Do you refuse to receive an evil report on another believer, especially when that information is unsubstantiated or no business of yours? Do you shut down gossip when someone attempts to communicate it to you? Do you idly chat with friends or family members about others in such a way that you actually spread evil reports about them?
  • discouraging tale-bearers, flatterers, and slanderers;
    • Do you refuse to hear or to read the words of people who tell tales, who spread gossip, or who slander others. Or do you find yourself curious to know what tale they are telling now, what gossip they are spreading, what slander they are leaking? Do you proactively avoid such people? Do you avoid reading bad news about people and situations that have no bearing on your life, your church, or your ministry?
  • love and care of our own good name, and defending it when need requireth;
    • Do you protect your own reputation, and even defend it when necessary, so you remain above reproach in the eyes of others?
  • keeping of lawful promises;
  • studying and practicing of whatsoever things are true, honest, lovely, and of good report.
    • Is the focus of what you do, say, read, and watch those things God declares to be true, honest, lovely, and of good report? Or do you find yourself drawn to what is false, dishonest, evil, and disreputable? Do you make excuses as to why you need to know information that is evil or unhelpful or unverifiable or potentially false?

Now, let’s be clear. The ninth commandment is not the only commandment, so we do not obey it at the expense of what is required or forbidden by the other nine or by the rest of God’s Word. Neither is it the only word on our relationship to other people and certainly there are times we must investigate what others have said or done and certainly there are times we must even condemn others for their actions or convictions. Yet only good can come by carefully studying the commandment and diligently applying it to our whole lives, including our use of social media

 

https://www.challies.com/articles/the-decline-of-the-ninth-commandment-in-the-rise-of-social-media/

Posted: September 26, 2018

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Who Are The Reformers–Martin Luther

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